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Top 100 Agricultural One Liners: November 2020

We are starting this new section to make you acquaintance with the facts in General Agricultural Sciences those are asked in any Competitive Examination of Agriculture and Allied Sciences in a fashion of One-liners. Each month we will be updating 100 One-liners, so that you can read and memorize those in a timely manner.

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The Top 100 Agricultural One-liners for the month of November 2020

1. Father of agronomy is – Peter Decresenzi

2. Dr. Biwant Rajis the founder of Relay cropping

3. The Directorate of cropping System research is located at – Modipuram , Meerut, U.P.

4. Scientific study of mixed cropping was firstly done by – La-Flitze (1928)

5. Relay cropping concept was derived from – Relay race

6. Natural Resource management is an example of Sustainable Agriculture

7. Cropping System is a component of – Farming System

8. When the sub crop are sown to supplement of yield of the main crop , the sub crops are known as – Augmenting Crops

9. The main crop is grown in the center , surrounded by hardly or thorny crops, the sub crop is known as – Guard Crops

10. The yield of both crops , grown together are found to be higher than the yield of their pure crops on unit area , such cropping is known as –Synergetic Cropping

11. What is a Cash Crop – those crops , which may be sold directly from the field without processing like vegetables , potato, etc.

12. Formula of Cropping Intensity = Total Cropping Area / Total Sown Area X 100

13. The growing of two or more crops on the same field in a year is called – Multiple Cropping

14. The practice of raising grasses or pasture , is also known as – Ley farming

15. In India , the maximum acreage and production of wheat is in UP

16. The type of fruit of wheat is Caryopsis

17. The optimum temperature for ideal germination of wheat is 20 to 25 °C

18. Norin-10 gene was brought to USA by – S.C. Salamone (1984)

19. The dwarf winter variety of wheat first time developed through using Norin gene by – Dr. O.A.Vogel (USA)

20. Triple gene dwarf variety were released in 1970

21. Double gene dwarf varieties of wheat – HD 2204, Janak, UP 215, Pratap, Kalyansona, Arjun, Sonara 64

22. Single gene dwarf varieties of wheat – Sonalika , Girija, UP-262 ,Wl 711,Lerma Rojo 64A

23. The protein found in wheat flour which is helpful for chapati making – Gluten

24. Central Zig – Zag axis of wheat is called – Rachis

25. Mexican dwarf wheat was evolved by – Dr. N. E. Borlaug

26. The toxic alkaloid found in the leaves of sorghum crops is – Dhurin or HCN

27. CSH 1 was released as first dwarf sorghum hybrid in 1964

28. Which crop is known as camel crops – Sorghum

29. Native of Jower is Africa (Ethiopia & Sudan)

30. The maximum area & Production of Jowar is in Maharashtra

31. Jower is poor in lysine but rich in – Leucine

32. The inflorescence of Jower is called – Panicle

33. First hybrid variety of Bajra is HB-1 (1965) developed at PAU, Ludhiana

34. Protein content in Bajra is 11-12 %

35. Origin of Bajra is Africa

36. Bajra is sensitive to – Water logging and Acidic soil

37. The largest producer state of cotton in India is – Gujarat

38. Bad opening of cotton balls is known as – Tirak

39. In cotton , the maturity of fibre is judged by – Arealometer

40. H-777 is the cultivar of bt-Cotton

41. Hybrid -4 is the first hybrid commercial cotton of the world developed by – Dr. C.T. Patel in 1970

42. The leaves of cotton becomes reddish in colour due to decrease nutrient uptake and moisture

43. DRIS concept given by – Beaufils

44. Cotton belongs to- Malvaceae Family

45. Intra – Specific hybrid of cotton is – Hybrid -6, savita, surya

46. Interspecific hybrid of cotton is – Varalaxmi , DCH-32 , HB -224 etc

47. One seed of cotton has 60000-80000 fibres

48. Ginning %= wt. of lint / wt. of seed cotton taken for ginning X 100

49. The removal of lower leaves which come in contact with soil and lose their commercial value is known as Priming Process.

50. Priming method is used in – Cigarette and Wrapper Tobacco

51. The main aim of Topping and Desuckering is to divert the energy and nutrient of plant from flower to leaves.

52. The removal of the lateral branches or suckers or auxiliary buds is called – Desuckring

53. Central Tobacco Research Institute is situated at – Raja – h – Mundri, AP (1947)

54. The richest source of protein among the food grain is – Pulses

55. Head quarter of Directorate of Pulses Research is located in – Kanpur, UP

56. Which pulse crop doesn’t fix Nitrogen from atmosphere – Rajma

57. The word Pulse is derived from – French world ‘pottage‘ or ‘poride’ means – Soup (dal)

58. The term Legume is taken from a Latin word which means ‘to collect’

59. India is the largest producer of – Gram

60. The sour taste of gram leaf is due to presence of – Maleic acid(60%) and Oxalic acid

61. Shelling % of Pea is 49%

62. Harvest index of Arahar is 19%

63. Origin of Arahar is from – Africa

64. Queen of cereals is called Maize

65. The composite cultivars of maize are – Kisan , jawahar, Amber ,Vijay , Sona , Vikaram, etc.

66. Maize is a C4 Plant

67. In India the rank first state in area and production of Maize is UP

68. The maize Protein is called- Zein

69. Male inflorescence of maize is called –Tassel

70. The critical stage for water application in maize is – Tasseling and Silking stage

71. Which Indian scientist shared World Food Prize for Miracle Maize – Dr. Sruinder K.Vasal (2000)

72. Origin of Maize from – Mexico

73. All India Coordinated Maize Improvement Project was started in –1957 at New Delhi

74. Double cross technique for hybrid seed production was developed by – D.F. Jones (1920)

75. The idea of hybrid maize was first conceived by : E.M. east and G.H. Shull (1910)

76. The criteria for harvesting of sugarcane – Withering of lower leaves ,brix 20 % , sucrose 15 %

77. Align planting method of sugarcane is evolved by – Allahabad Agriculture Institute , Allahabad , UP

78. Adhsali sugarcane is common in Maharashtra

79. Sugarcane is planted in furrows because – it reduce lodging

80. Inflorescence of sugarcane is generally called – Arrow or Open Panicle.

81. Sucrose content in cane is – 13-14 %

82. Sugar from juice is – 6-10%

83. Hand Refractometer reading for sugarcane maturity is 20 (Brix Value)

84. Sugarcane Breeding Institute is situated at – Coimbatore

85. Adhsali Sugar cane crop mature in 18 months

86. Father of hybrid rice is – Yuan Long Pin

87. India’s first dwarf rice variety released during 1968 was Jaya .

88. World’s first high yielding semi dwarf basmati rice variety is – Pusa Basmati – 1

89. World’s first super rice variety for saline / alkaline soil – Lunishree

90. Harvesting of paddy is done at moisture content – 21-23 %

91. First mutant variety of rice is Jagannath (Gamma ray irradiation of T-141)

92. Which gas is released from field of paddy – Methane (CH4)

93. SRI technique was originated in Madagascar in 1987 by Prof. Henry De Laulanie

94. First super fine aromatic basmati hybrid is – Pusa RH-10

95. Oilseed production programme was started during – 1990-91

96. Technology mission on oilseed was established on 1986

97. National Research Centre for groundnut was established at Junagarh (Gujarat)

98. Indian central Oilseed Committee was established on 1947

99. All India Coordinated Project on Oilseeds was established during 1967

100. Main adulteration in Mustard – Argemone mexicana oil

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